Exercise 3.2 Materiality – further information and changes

I have been doing a lot of thinking about how my pavilion will be put together. I called Honeysuckle Bottom Sawmill and they said you cannot bend thick pieces of wood and that they don’t provide curved braces (despite their website saying otherwise).

After this news I was thinking of other ways of creating wooden circles for my structure. I found a local furniture restoration company and I spoke to the owner who has wealth of experience in steam bending wood.

He advised me that it is not possible to bend thick pieces of timber. For my thickness of 200mm x 200mm he would slice them lengthways into 1mm slices and then steam bend and then laminate them together. I asked about drilling and attaching things to the laminated side (top being plane of wood, side where you see slices). I found out it should not be a problem.

He also said that oak is not the best choice for bending and that ash is much more suitable for this purpose. I decided to change my wood choice to ash following his advice.

I am a little worried about the context. I selected oak for reasons specified in my Materiality sheet and gave all the reasons why… Ash is a local tree, I have one (according to a tree surgeon) at the bottom of my garden…


Handsome & Co: School of Fine Woodworking & Design (2021) Timber bending services. At:  Handsome & Co. | Timber bending services. (handsomeandco.com) (Accessed 12/04/2021)

Biggs, T (2021) Steam Bending Wood. At: Tobias Biggs Furniture Restoration – Home (Accessed 12/04/2021).

Peckham Jewellery Pad Box Design / Leading to title box in AutoCAD

In late 2020 I needed to make a drawing for our carpenter to build these boxes at work. Normally I would just give him one but we need them daily and they started to fall apart. So I decided to practice my new skills and draw what he needs to do.

This along with photos of the old box were explanatory enough for him to build them to my specification.

The images above are of final version. After I gave the contractor the initial drawing, I was asked what is the error margin. I did it with comments on maximum an minimum dimensions that were important for the design to work (I needed to measure the space in storage for these boxes and the jewellery pads to ascertain this). In the mean time I created CAD drawing based on one of the former measurements (just for fun and practice of it).

Today I was trying to work out how to create and insert title box, I decided to work on my old Peckham Box drawing. Here it is, a CAD drawing with title box.

Peckham box CAD drawing with title box

Here is what the old box looks like:

I am still awaiting new boxes for Peckham, in the meantime had some built for another shop. I was pleased my drawings were sufficient to make something.

Exercise 3.2 Materiality

Notes etc.

Exercise 3.2 Materiality

Oak – durable and beautiful wood. It refers to local area. There are English oaks growing in local woods. According to Woodland Trust English Oak is ‘the 2nd most common tree variety in the UK and a national symbol of strength.’ I would like to use this traditional material as a nod to the local aging community, who will hopefully appreciate its nobility. The wood can be used for outside projects, and it will be very durable if it is properly treated. I would like to treat the oak frame with a clear, UV protecting oil that will show of the natural colour and pattern of the wood. I presume I will have to choose fresh sawn oak (also called ‘green). It will need to be weathered for 6 weeks before applying oil. I would like my structure to be sustainable and durable so the treatment will need to be repeated periodically.

I found a local supplier called Honeysuckle Bottom Sawmill (http://www.surrey-oak.com/) who supply the wood and bespoke curved braces to curve the timber to project specifications. Their products are sustainably and locally sourced. They even supplied wood to film sets.

Fig. 1 Shaped or curved beams

Stainless steel – an alloy composing of chromium and other metals. Chromium reacts with oxygen creating a protective film. Stainless steel is strong, low maintenance, corrosion resistant, sustainable, recyclable (does not deteriorate through recycling), aesthetic and functional. I chose it for its appearance and suitability for an outdoor project.

The wires are simply surface mounts and balustrade wires. They are made to measure and supplied by S3i Group (located in the UK). The ball and socket design allows up to 42 degrees angle.

Fig. 2 Surface Mount Balustrade Wire
Fig. 3 Balustrade wire passing through an intermediate post.

The components I used – wood and metal wire are a high-end nod to farm fencing. It has a loose connection with horses on Epsom Downs and the fact the local area used to be a farmland not so long ago. The warmth of natural oak should provide comfort for users and the wires add interest without spoiling the view.

List of illustrations:

Fig. 1 Honeysuckle Bottom Oak (2021) Shaped or Curved Beams. [Photograph] At: http://www.surrey-oak.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/curved-oak-beam2-400×400.jpg (Accessed 23/03/2021)

Fig. 2 S3i Group (2021) Surface Mount Balustrade Wire. [Photograph] At: https://www.s3i.co.uk/image/s3i/B&Sassembly-with-text-and-diagram.jpg (Accesses 28/03/2021)

Fig. 3 S3i Group (2021) Balustrade wire passing through an intermediate post. [Photograph] At: https://www.s3i.co.uk/image/s3i/runningthrough2.jpg (Accessed 28/03/2021)


Honeysuckle Bottom Oak (2021) Welcome to Honeysuckle Bottom Oak. At: Oak Sawmill in Surrey » www.surrey-oak.com (surrey-oak.com) (Accessed 23/03/2021)

S3i Group (2021) Self Assembly Wire Balustrade Kits, Tube Mount. At: Balustrade Wire Kits | Tubular Mount | S3i Group (Accessed 28/03/2021)

S3i Group (2021) Stainless Steel Surface Mount Balustrade Wire. At: Surface Mount Balustrade Wire, Made To Measure | S3i Group (Accessed 28/03/2021)

Tyssenkrup (2021) Properties of stainless steel. At: Properties of Stainless Steel & Applications – thyssenkrupp Materials (UK) (thyssenkrupp-materials.co.uk) (Accessed 28/03/2021)

Wood Finishes Direct (2021) Osmo UV Protection Oil Extra At: Osmo UV Protection Oil Extra | Exterior Wood Protection (wood-finishes-direct.com)

Woodland Trust (2021) Oak, English. At: English Oak (Quercus robur) – British Trees – Woodland Trust (Accessed 23/03/2021)

Drawing people continued

I continued drawing digitally over a template. In the last drawing I tried to change pose slightly to the template. I wanted the figure to look more likely to be in an interior so I added a drink. Hands and feet are still very tricky. Life drawing seems much easier when you see the body you draw. This time I also experimented with just silhouettes. I watched some videos on how to draw people in architecture and tried to a general silhouette afterwards. Still a lot to learn, but it’s an enjoyable journey.

Additional drawing exercises

My tutor suggested to practice drawing people. I felt particularly inspired after recent oca life drawing session. I also wanted to experiment more with new drawing ‘gear’ I got recently.

I downloaded an image of female body proportions, made it less opaque and drew over it in another layer. I believe if I keep drawing this way I will get the hang of the proportions. Hands and feet are still very tricky, but the guides helped a lot. Third figure, at a slight angle seems to be the most useful for interior design visualisations. I realise this body type may not be most representative, or inclusive, but I’ll get to those later, when I understand proportions better.

I also watched ‘Life drawing live’ on bbc catch up and attempted the last pose (19 mins). Below is my brave attempt.

Exercise 3.1: Concept Development

I completed my drawings using automatic 0.9 pencil, HB. I just love how the pencil glides on paper.

I looked at my drawings from previous exercise and decided to go in that direction. First, I played with the shape of the entrance (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1

Then using tracing paper I redrew them with shaded entrance option, I liked rounded option most and the bigger drawing was my last drawing on this page. (Fig. 2)

Fig. 2

I quite like the rounded, shaded entrance but after drawing it in side elevation I did not like it as much (Fig. 3).

Fig. 3

Using tracing paper, I drew the shape again, but this time with more simple entrance (fig. 4). I felt like the shape of my pavilion is somehow inspired by ‘Gherkin’ building in London.

Fig. 4

As much as I was happy with proportions and aesthetics of my design I kept worrying that for it to be translucent and light it would have to be made either of glass (heavy and expensive) or pvc (unsustainable and also pricey). Also, I was afraid that on a warm day it would turn into a ‘glass house’ despite many gaps and opening in the roof.

It took me a while to come up with the next design (Fig. 5 & 6). Funnily enough it was Peckham Library pods that inspired me. The three legs and rounded shape are ‘borrowed’ from there. I have not decided what material it will be yet. There are some options that I will explore further in next exercise. Using string as in Oasis Pavilion may be an option, I found that interior very peaceful.

Fig. 5
Fig. 6

I loved using tracing paper in this exercise. It made it quite easy to repeat the proportions that I wanted to keep.

Lastly, I decided to photograph my model with some scale figures (Fig. 12). As ‘tried them on’ I realised the supporting columns are too high, so I shortened them. Now sadly the entrance is a little lower than I would have liked, but this is just my first model and I think it shows my idea well.

Fig. 12

To me this whole task was the most difficult so far. It is hard to think of the design but only concentrate on one aspect of it. I keep thinking about the materials, the brief does not specify whether it will be a permanent or temporary structure… We also have no budget (which may be a good thing at this stage). It was interesting to see how I came from my first drawing in Exercise 2.3 (https://aggievideoblog.files.wordpress.com/2021/01/fig.-1.jpeg) to this model.

Exercise 2.3 Initial Concept Proposals

Fig. 1 Fluidity of the shape.

I looked at my work so far and felt particularly inspired by my soundscapes mapped drawing (https://aggievideoblog.files.wordpress.com/2020/09/fig.-4a-soundscapes-mapped.jpeg?w=1024). I struggled to draw what I had in mind, so I decided to make a model. I especially like shade cast by this model.

Then I thought what it would be like inside. So I placed my model over a tablet with a photo of the sky. That would be the view inside – upwards.

I realised that shape was not practical for my pavilion. The gaps on the sides would take too much of the maximum 9m2 footprint, so usable interior space would be too small. I do not consider creating this model a waste of time as it inspired me further and I started ‘doodling’ some ideas.

The idea is a rounded structure on an oval shaped plan. The structure narrows as it goes up, with a large circular opening in the roof and gaps between sheer components of the walls. The oval shape refers to the Tattenham corner sharp bend in the racecourse, the large opening in the roof is inspired by James Turrell’s work but also by precedent examples I studied (especially Serpentine Summer House and Oasis Pavilion). The sheer of the walls is inspired by Oasis Pavilion and the overall shape by cones on the Wicker Pavilion. I think the Wicker and Oasis Pavilions were the most peaceful from my precedent examples. I believe drawing inspiration from these will aid the function of my pavilion which is supposed to be a resting place for aging community. I decided to go for shades of green which is a naturally calm colour and further refers to the green surroundings of my pavilion and grass covered Epsom Downs racecourse nearby. The shape of my pavilion has been is also inspired by my drawing of the bush in form & light drawing. (https://aggievideoblog.files.wordpress.com/2020/09/fig.-6-form-light.jpg?w=1024)

The last drawing in Fig. 13 specifies approximate dimensions, entrance and seating.

List of  illustrations

Fig. 1 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Fluidity of shape. [Abstract drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 2 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Soundscapes model 1. [Photograph] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 3 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Soundscapes model 2. [Photograph] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 4 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Soundscapes model 3. [Photograph] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 5 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) View Upwards [Photograph] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 6 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Doodle 1 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 7 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Doodle 2 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 8 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Idea Development 1 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 9 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Idea Development 2 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 10 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Idea Development 3 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 11 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Idea Development 4 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 12 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Idea Development 5 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

Fig. 13 Shuttleworth, A. (2020) Idea Development 6 [Drawing] In possession of: the author: Epsom

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