My tutor noticed effort and attention to detail and said it will pay off.
As usual there were some great tips in my feedback, here my tutor recommended to help capture perspective of circular object or a circular space to position my objects linear, the visible difference in sizes will help.
My tutor suggested to work / concentrate on one drawing, rather that doing too many different ones. ‘Reworking can produce more textured results.’
My tutor noticed the work I put in research of movement in interiors. I researched various examples and noticed ‘different types of movement’. I also tried to apply to apply the knowledge gained through my research to my own work.
Doing additional research (as I did with perspective lines on my walks) will improve my skills in observing spaces.
My tutor said that I continue to develop my creativity and it is showing more, especially in abstract drawing of still life. She recommended the group drawing sessions. I should also remember that this type of drawing does not have to represent exact image of my object. I need to trust my hand more and draw on larger sheet of paper.
Even though I had a good start at photoshop I should try and play more with images in photoshop, such as layering and adding background, it will make the abstract image look more ‘real’.
My tutor said my perspective drawing attempts were a good start, I received a helpful tip to place vanishing points outside of my paper.
Communication & Presentation:
My tutor said that drawing movement and people is difficult, but I gave it a good go, trying different approaches.
I should practice drawing people using freeze-frame on TV and do quick stick drawings, showing angles and lengths of limbs. Also including, wrists, elbows and knees will help express the movement and make the figures look right.
My ways of expressing movement using lines, spirals, colour, and gradients were successful.
I am pleased to know that navigating my learning log is easy and that the layout is clear.
My tutor said that my personal reflection is detailed, and I explain my thoughts and processes is an easy to understand way.
She also noted that ‘I can think across the tasks and make connections in my work which show development in my understanding.’
I am very pleased with these comments as not only I need to learn; I also need to show what I learnt through my learning log and reflection. I am glad I am doing it right.
My James Turrell contextual study showed what I learnt about light and framing views. It also showed how I applied that new knowledge to different interior spaces, and I was ‘referencing it back and forth’ – which will ‘enrich my future design work.’
To improve my work:
I should improve my drawing skills by practising as much as I can, quick 10-minute sketches of random views of spaces and objects I observe.
Life drawing practice would help me understand the proportions of human body better. Free online classes were recommended by my tutor as well as OCA workshops (that I signed up for already).
My tutor said not to be too careful with it, just to follow through even if it does not look right it will all fall into place.
I am very pleased with the feedback I received, I shall follow the tips and recommendations specified in my feedback.
I received the feedback a while ago and needed to clarify a few bits with my tutor before properly reflecting on it. In the meantime, I got stuck in Part Four and finished it, so only now the time allows to type it out (I had notes for ages).
My tutor noted that I am learning how to communicate through drawing, it is an essential tool and measured and accurate hand and CAD drawings are important.
My tutor clarified that drawings are part of instructions, and it is likely that my future drawings will be instructing ‘hand’, not the machine, therefore I should not worry too much about points size in my hand drawings as there always be ‘an amount of tolerance’.
According to the feedback I have done well with Contextual Study ‘Lines – a close reading’ by breaking the text down and then making connections. My tutor said my methods will pay off; it was reassuring to hear as I was not sure whether my mind map was done the ‘right way’. It paid off to do what felt right. Also, during our recent chat my tutor said there is no right or wrong way to do contextual studies, as it is all about what I think (that was rather wonderful news!)
My peer activity has been noted and encouraged – I shall continue.
It is nice to know that my research is considered thorough and in some cases I researched beyond the requirements of the course (I had not even realised I did ‘extra’). My tutor said that any extra work like that will help me with the studying and develop my unique design interests. I will continue drawing on my own experience when considering texts and drawing my own conclusions.
My approach to ‘Lines’ contextual study and completing it showed (according to the feedback) creativity. This helped me understand the ideas presented and draw my own conclusions. I am really pleased my tutor thought so as I found this task quite hard at the time (not creating but reading and understanding).
My tutor’s opinion is that my creativity shows in connections I make between the course work and the ‘outside’ world. I must make sure I take photos or draw and add these images when I make my observations in the learning log.
I am encouraged to share more of my thoughts, I must remember to take notes and photos or draw when they come to me.
I keep having thoughts about lines, that text really stuck in my mind. Previously in my learning log I said that only truly straight lines are rays of light, but I was wrong… A piece of string can be straight if its hanging with a weight attached to the bottom. In this case the gravity/ nature makes it straight, even if the string is manmade. This knowledge is often used by bricklayers as reference for building straight, vertical walls.
Another thought about straight lines is that perhaps it does not matter if the line is perfectly straight as long as it appears straight.
Communication and presentation:
I have received a well done for persevering with CAD software and on starting with technical drawing both in CAD and by hand.
My tutor said that section drawn by hand (or line drawing in CAD, not a section of an extruded 3D shape), helps understand better individual components and how the section is made.
Drawing on a board with parallel motion was recommended by my tutor. I already got one and I am looking forward to the next technical drawing exercise where hopefully my angles will be better than in my previous exercises. It is important that my angles are what they should be, and the lines are parallel when needed. I realise I did not get it quite right in the past.
I should improve on using line weights to indicate the hierarchy in line drawings.
My tutor recommended checking the wall thicknesses in my bathroom drawings. I have since clarified it with her, that two walls are external hence they are thicker in my drawings.
I should research how other CAD drawings are titled and I should include title block and some dimensions in my CAD drawings.
I also should have added thickness to the ‘cut’ card in section drawing of my model in assignment 3. Even though it is a card and is fairly thin I should have included that thickness in my CAD drawing. I tried to measure it since, and it looks like 0.1mm thickness. I had a look online and found a table on ZX Printer website stating that 140gsm paper which I used to create the base of my model has thickness of 0.16mm. Now I wonder whether the ‘cut through’ tops in my model should also have had thickness according to their 80gsm. According to that same table that would be 0.065mm thick. Therefore, CAD is such a great tool, it would be impossible to include this detail by hand (unless you do a magnified scale (eg. 10:1) drawing for a portion of ‘normal’ drawing.
My tutor mentioned that it would have been a good idea to include bases of my model in plan as dotted line. What a great idea, I am gutted I did not think of it at a time.
Also, there was no need to copy my plan drawing to then add section, I should have done it on the original. I wanted to preserve my original drawing but there was no need for that.
My tutor said more information (within reason) such as section line on the drawing is better.
My tutor noted that ‘my survey notes for spatial drawing were well organised with different colours for different dimensions’ – I was pleased to read this compliment.
My tutor told me that contextual studies and critical reflection tasks add to knowledge and eventually will help me inform my design choices and connections I make.
After reading the feedback I realised I had not been clear enough in my reflection in exercise 2.3 regarding my measurements not being clear to someone else. They were clear to me; I was instructing myself with them. Of course, I agree with my tutor that if I were passing those instructions on to someone else, I would need to make my notes super clear. I should practice ‘clear’ instructions for myself in the meantime so I am not out of my depth in future when I could possibly be a part of a larger team. Certainly, I must reflect in a clear and productive manner too.
To improve my work:
I need to look at some examples of technical drawings, layout, how drawings relate to others on same page, what information is included in title block, how much other information (dimensions, notes, material) is given. Does this depend on the scale of the drawing?
In Fig. 1 above we can see that each room is described with its function, there is a compass near floorplan showing North. Each of the subdrawings has a number and title underlined, and below sheet reference number and scale. Also, for reference there is a line scale added, which is a practical solution in case this drawing was not printed on a3, one could use a ruler and work out a scale. There is a lot of very clear notes what is to be kept, what to demolished, specific comments regarding new dimensions, new structural elements. I’m assuming title block is the one in bottom right corner, it includes: company details, a small table for revision comments (which is blank so I’m assuming it’s the first version), project details, drawing details (i.e. ‘existing and proposed floorplans, sectional elevations’), authors name, date, scale, project number and sheet number. There are some dimensions (as suggested by my tutor) and section lines. I also noticed that existing and proposed floorplans are directly above one another with walls on right hand side aligned so the difference in extension sizes on both plans can be seen. I can also see structural elements under the floor of the building. There is also some small print, possibly about terms and conditions, not quite legible
Noticing all this information made me think I should probably create a template table to include in my technical drawings so they all include same information and I should place it in one of the corners of my drawings.
The drawing in Fig. 2 contains a lot of instructions for the builder (architect ‘rules’ the builder – lines again). It does not specify any dimensions. I can see that subtitles under each part is scaled to match scale of the drawing. There are two scales specified, but it does not say on what paper, so I assume architect would print this one on the correct size paper and provide hard copy to the contractor. There is a comment saying ‘not to scale off the drawing’, perhaps there was more drawings in the pack specifying the dimensions in detail. There is a similar table to Fig. 1 containing similar information.
Both drawings look neat and clear. I must look at some tutorials how to create and paste information tables into my drawings.
I should remember about thicknesses in section drawings, no matter how small.
I need to pay more attention to line thicknesses and their hierarchy in technical drawings.
My tutor recommended that I practice technical drawing of objects and spaces know to me either by hand or in cad.
Books and websites were suggested to broaden my knowledge. I signed up to the mailing list on https://www.drawingmatter.org/ to receive their newsletter straight to my inbox.
All in all, I am pleased with my feedback and the amount of advice and tips I got from it.
I arranged some small scale figures around my model from assignment 1 and imagined the objects are rock sculptures (Fig. 1). I tried rely hardness of the material in my drawing. Due to size and weight it would most likely be an outdoor exhibition. The below drawing was completed on A3 sheet of paper paper using HB automatic pencil and precision eraser to lighten up parts that are not in shade, to increase the contrast between light and shade, and also to emphasize the hardess and sharp finish of the sculptures.
Then I decided that my model could also make a nice stool, made of foam wrapped in rough, off white wool fabric. I tried to rely the softness of the structure in my drawing again using play of light and shade but this time more toned. The bases of my stools would be made of wood. In my visual I drew a person sitting on one of the stools and looking at the artwork to clearly indicate function of the object. I placed the stools inside a small art gallery, the interior shape is inspired by my models. The walls and dome ceiling are clad in light plywood. I selected this material because it is light, cosy and simple. It will not take attention away from the art displayed. I inserted a strip of windows near the top of the dome to engulf the interior in natural light. The floor is covered in simple wooden planks (Fig. 2). I completed this drawing using pencil, felt tip pens, fine liners, and soft pastels. I am hoping I managed to capture movement in the shape of the room and repetition of pattern on the walls.
Then I decided to draw the actual buildings of the gallery (Fig. 3). There would be three of them as there are three objects in my model. I would like them to be positioned in an open green space. The shapes of the buildings are unusual but finished in limited materials of CorTen (weathered steel) and clear glass. I think CorTen’s colour and matt texture would contrast dramatically with the greenery around. The shiny glass in the stripes of skylights and doorways will on the other hand contrast with CorTen, adding interest to my buildings. Also, the top of the dome, floating like a hat above the rest of the building and glass stripe was my idea of adding movement to the exterior design.
Reflection on completing the Assignment Four and Part Four:
The drawing exercises in Part Four were useful, especially the tonal ones. They really helped get the texture of rock sculptures in Fig. 1 of my Assignment 4.
I thoroughly enjoyed all drawing exercises, I just like drawing, even if I am not very good at it.
Exercise 1.1 opened my eyes to different techniques giving different results, not sure if blind drawing or drawing with eyes closed would get me far… I was most pleased with the result of tonal drawing in that exercise.
I liked experimenting with media and surprising results of those experiments, especially in the drawing with fine liners on greaseproof paper. I think that was my best drawing in that exercise, it was precise and smudged at the same time. Some of the methods I tried turned out quite messy (charcoal) but I am pleased I tried them; charcoal is great for creating shade.
I purchased a set of soft pastel pencils recently and I think it is my favourite medium, you can so easily change the intensity of the tone, and rely light, shade, and colour better. But sometimes simple coloured pencils did the job too, it made me realise that we do not always have to use complicated methods, sometimes drawing may be in a spur of a moment, and then any medium could suffice.
Doing collage was fun, I embraced the creative process and tried to find the most unobvious pieces to paste. Also learning how to use photoshop for the first time was great, still way to go with learning it, but I enjoyed the start.
Contextual studies as usual were extensive and time consuming, but I learnt a lot from them. How to look at the interior and try to see movement: what an abstract task, yet it is a doable activity, it just needed some imagination. I enjoyed looking at different interiors and selecting the ‘ones’ I did. My favourite one was Opium Pop Up Store (The Flip Flop) – its interior screams movement (and lines). Polet Restaurant Interior would be a good example in truth to materials exercise in Part Three, most materials are natural and bare.
Contextual Study: Light was difficult. It was easy to find images of James Turrell’s work, but it was hard to answer the questions. I needed a few days to dwell and few nights to sleep on it before the answers came to me. Light and shade are to capture movement and atmosphere of the space. Also, without the light we could not see. James Turrell’s work and philosophy were coming back to me when completing the Assignment Four, the study inspired the stripes of skylights in Fig. 2 and Fig.3.
Capturing Movement drawing exercise was a real pleasure. I may not be the best at drawing people, and I’m not sure if opting for opaque figures is the way to go but I really enjoyed exploring the options on how to capture different movements I saw, how to make them move while being in a still drawing. I hope I got it right. I think to capture movement you need pattern and contrast.
20 second renders were not easy; I think the only one I remotely managed to capture was marble. The following render exercise was not easier, despite having more time and a selection of different drawing materials. Some cubes took more than one drawing trial. I think sometimes it will be better to use software to render or to annotate drawings by hand to specify the finish or material.
One-point perspective drawing was quite easy compared with two-point perspective. I enjoyed both exercises and since completing it I try to look and see I can pinpoint vanishing points in two-point perspective views. I took the photo in Fig. 4 as an example of two-point perspective view when we can see corner(s) of building(s). I would usually stop and look and see if my eyes can follow the invisible guidelines to find the vanishing point.
I struggled capturing perspective in my Assignment Four. I blame my unskilled hand and the fact the objects are circular. I am also hoping I am too harsh on myself and maybe it is not as bad as I think.
Looking back at my perspective with tone and colour I think the one without colour relies atmosphere and light and shade better. This exercise made me practice noticing the play of light and shade, and I am hoping I was successful utilising this skill when completing drawing in Fig. 1 of my assignment 4.
Hand drawn plan elevation and section of my model:
Reflection on completing Assignment 3:
I found completing this task really challenging, mainly because my model has a very irregular shape that is difficult to measure.
I tried measuring from one point to another, spaces between etc. I was not able to get my ruler right in there, I am certain my measurements were not correct to a millimetre.
I am nevertheless happy with the result, considering how challenging this shape is.
Reflection on Part 3:
During part 3 I learnt the importance of detailed survey that is legible and that drawing details (such as lengths and angles) correctly is paramount to the finished drawing doing what is intended to do (give correct instruction to builder etc).
I started learning AutoCAD, still way to go but pleased with progress so far. I decided to get a new monitor, the one I had did not have best resolution. Now I have it I can really see the difference when drawing in CAD. To start with I did not use layers, but in my assignment drawing I created 7. They are a great tool and were great help. CAD is great for creating small detail to scale. One can also trust lengths and angles created in the software.
I also used layers in my hand drawing for assignment 3 to help me measure dimensions to rely onto CAD software and not ruining my original drawing (Fig. 1 below). I used tracing paper over my drawing to draw squares which then I measured and used as guide to fit my objects in CAD.
I learnt that one site survey would probably never be enough, but it is important to note everything, even what seems to be unimportant at a time. Going back and forth may not be practical and certainly will not look professional. It is also important to note your measurements in a legible manner. Second visits purpose should be to double check and measure details that would inevitably get missed first time. If it is one small thing it will probably not impact the design but if it is important then it may stall design work.
I looked at my learning log entries and noticed that in Exercise 3.3 in exploded planometric drawing I could have marked internal edges of bath and sink and then place the drain holes differently.
I still struggle with mind-maps and the ‘Lines: A Close Reading’ contextual study was tough. I found it hard because I could not tell which information was important or relevant. The text kept coming back to me afterwards when drawing both by hand and in CAD. I kept thinking about guidelines and plotlines and how accurate Tim Ingold was.
I made some observations about lines:
One can draw a close representation of any object or space in CAD using only straight lines. Some of the lines I created in my assignment 3 look quite curvy despite consisting of shorter perfectly straight lines, therefore:
We are surrounded by lines.
Some people prefer straight lines, some rounded but it is impossible to create a space using only straight or only rounded lines.
Another thought: Contextual – gives context – looking at it now it certainly gave context to lines I was drawing afterwards. My mind was constantly wandering back to the points I read. I didn’t enjoy that study at the time, but it gave me so much food for thought – now I am happy it was included in the course.
I am thinking of getting a drawing board with a ruler and set square to get my lines and angles correct (and to make technical drawing by hand a pain free task).
It is important to draw both by hand and in CAD as repeating the process gives us time to contemplate and notice details previously missed. It is also good to give yourself a break and then go back and look at the drawings again, with fresh eyes. As I did and noticed error in my exploded planometric drawing. Perhaps if I completed it first by hand I would have spotted it in CAD.
Recently, while sitting in my garden I noticed a shadow of metal staircase railing on a wall. I thought it is like natures axonometric projection. Of course, dimensions were distorted but straight lines (or shall I say visibly straight lines) were there casting interesting pattern.
At first, I found it hard to distinguish axonometric from planometric projections. Only after completing the cube and cylinder planometric drawings I understood that the floor shape and angles remain same in planometric but change in axonometric.
I received feedback from my tutor and would like to take a moment to reflect on it.
I received a ‘well done’ for thorough research, variety of examples, my skills are improving and will be useful throughout my studies. It was helpful that I chose to upload some photos of my notebook and sketchbook.
According to my tutor my mind maps showed understanding, ordered my knowledge and also communicated clearly my thought process. I improved my communication and presentation techniques both handwritten and digital. My tutor recommended to continue experimenting with them to gradually develop my own graphic style. I was pleased to learn that my tutor thinks mind mapping became my personal strength, once I overcame that barrier.
I am very pleased my tutor appreciated my observations of similarities of vortexes at Bloomberg and Reichstag buildings.
I should have included more information on Soviet Graffiti in Reichstag Building.
My tutor suggested that in future I should first search for information, and only after for relevant images.
I was told again to qualify big statements and give credible source for that information.
My choice of descriptive words in materials exercises got praised as a good skill for designer to have – I shall continue describing in that creative way.
I should form my own opinions based on information gathered, for example which architects are displaying truth to materials ethos.
Starting on using InDesign software was also noticed, I can see the InDesign uploads have better quality than other software I used beforehand. In my future InDesign work I shall leave a bit more break between elements, and should see magazines etc for guidance.
I should attempt to draw as well as take photos as drawing and sketching of details will make me notice them. Also the more I draw, the more confidence I will gain, which will create good drawings.
In future (if there is another exercise similar) I should create a drawn map of the place with materials pasted in specific locations. That idea is brilliant, it would be sort of floor plan/ collage.
It’s also good that I completed some study visits (sadly all I had coming up soon have been postponed for the time being).
I should pay attention to titles on my work, to make sure everyone knows what it is.
All in all, I’m pleased with the encouraging and constructive feedback I received, praising and setting me in a right direction.
Spend some time looking through all the information you’ve collated about the site. Decide which sketches, diagrams, pictures, maps etc. that you have made and collected are the most effective at visually communicating the key physical (geographical, material etc) and non-physical (historical, social, cultural etc) aspects of the site. Use PowerPoint, InDesign or similar to compile a visual presentation document that summarises your research. Include notes and annotations to support the images. Consider your audience. Does the information make sense to someone other than you? Is there a clear narrative? Your presentation does not have to include every detail about the site but should touch on the most significant and interesting information from each of the exercises in Project 3. It should be set up using an A3 page size and should be no more than 5 pages long.
Reflection on assignment 2:
I found the task of collating all gathered information easy and enjoyable. I discovered that I memorised a lot of information about the site while completing prior exercises. The only information I needed to re – visit were the ‘number’ facts such as dates and square meters. The rest of information I just noted down from my memory on paper and typed it out later. Like in precedent research on Reichstag building I discovered again that it is impossible to apply set categories to contexts as they all mix and intertwine with one another for example historical will always mix with cultural, and both are mixed with geographical context. Information about sites must have fluid categories as one affects another. I found the process of researching Peckham Library valuable, I learnt how to select the materials that have impact on the users. I learnt and practiced selecting relevant information to include in my assignment. In my future projects I probably won’t concentrate on all materials so much, but select the ones that I feel are important. For example if I were to work on renovation project of Peckham Library I would concentrate first on the bits I would like to keep like the pods, the coloured glass and windows in general, the exposed concrete and steel. The rest of materials like the carpets, paints on the walls, furniture, work surfaces etc could be changed, without affecting the architectural style. I used indesign software to create my presentation and again I found it to be invaluable tool for presenting gathered information in a professional way with high resolution result. I hope my work is easy to understand for someone who learns about Peckham Library for the first time.
List of illustrations:
Fig. 1 Shuttleworth, A (2020) Peckham Library west side. [Photograph] In possession of: the author: Epsom
Fig. 2 Shuttleworth, A (2020) Peckham Library north side. [Photograph] In possession of: the author: Epsom
I received an overall ‘well done’ and I’m happy that my work is mostly fine. There was a lot of praise which is nice to receive but I think it’s important to concentrate on areas for improvement in this reflection.
I need to make sure that I am more descriptive with my drawings, basically write more on them, do quick annotations, so the reader knows what specific parts of my drawings represent.
I also should use different drawing media in various colours to be able to differentiate elements of my drawings better and highlight textures etc. I should also use larger format notebooks to fit my bold drawing style.
When describing a site I should mention the architect by name, which I failed to do in my learning log. Of course Peckham Library was designed by Will Alsop, I knew it all along, the name kept popping up during my research (I even briefly researched other buildings he designed), but I somehow failed to mention him. I will make sure I remember to mention names behind the buildings in future.
I was given a valuable tip by my tutor – to search online for floor plan images of the spaces I explore for at home research. I quickly searched for floor plans of Peckham library today. It would have been useful research tool at the time. I will definitely try that next time.
Next time I should map my senses findings onto a map of the space, to make it clearer where they occurred within the space. I agree, my senses drawings where not placed on the map, and despite saying where I was at the time, mapping them would make more sense.
I should make sure that I communicate my observations clearer, to the point. My tutor said ‘route through and somebody walking through the route are two different pieces of information’. I should have mapped my ‘behaviour’ information to space plan. I actually did that, but while it made sense in my head it clearly wasn’t obvious enough for the reader. I will have to consider outsiders view, make sure they can understand what I mean, re-read my work with a view I see it all first time.
My tutor suggested that I may find it interesting to re-photograph my sketch models with small scale figures i.e. showing people inhabiting spaces. I ordered some 1:50 scale figures and I’m looking forward to trying this idea.
My tutor suggested that I continue researching and suggested buildings to visit to enrich my creativity and thinking as I progress. To ‘draw on views of others and use theoretical research to inform my own practice work.’
I should practice and experiment on my presentation and visual communication methods. Use tracing paper, to redraw again and again and to add information to my drawings such as notes, colour, textures, all on bigger sheets of paper.
I need to pay attention to qualify my statements, why I say something e.g. ‘this building is well designed’ – I should give reasons.
I agree with my tutor that my course work seemed ‘more fluid, relaxed and intuitive’ than the assignment. I should keep it up throughout all work.
Overall I am pleased with the feedback, I felt throughout the course work that it is going well and I’m happy my tutor thought so too. I am very pleased that areas for improvement have been identified so I can learn and improve.
Below are some images I took of my my modified model with some small scale figures.
My favorite was Contextual Study on Daniel Libeskind’s Jewish Museum. I learnt that sometimes the designer intends to make users feel uncomfortable.
I found the whole of Peckham library quite difficult to analyse. There were many components, the design felt complicated and busy. It was hard to choose what to concentrate on. I still liked the interior and found all exercises there useful. Reflecting back on my visit to Subsea 7 and Peckham Library I think Subsea 7 was easier space to analyse. I am pleased now that I had a ‘warm-up’ there, before the difficult space of Peckham Library.
Looking back at drawing exercises: I had no problems drawing what I see, mapping the interior was quite fun and easy. I wish I brought bigger sheets of paper to Peckham Library to include more elements in my map.
Drawing sounds was a daunting experience, but once I started it went OK. I learnt to leave my comfort zone and trust the guidance. It was important to better understanding of the space – to cut of vision and just listen and feel.
3D model making was surprisingly easy. I’m a little concerned it was too easy, hopefully I did it correctly.
All exercises led me being more aware of spaces I visit. I gained experience of looking at single components and considering the impact they have on the whole space.